Chii chinonzi Tie-dyeï¼Ÿ
Kusunga-daya, inozivikanwawo sekudzipwa, inzira yechinyakare inoshandisa ligation uye kudhaya, uye iri zvakare imwe yetsika dzehunyanzvi hwekudhaya manyore munyika yangu. Zvinoenderana nezvakanyorwa nhoroondo, sekutanga kweEastern Jin Dynasty, tie-dhayi-proof-yakakomberedzwa valerian silika yakagadzirwa muhuwandu hwakawanda. Panguva iyoyo, zvigadzirwa zvevalerian zvakamonyoroka zvaive nemasumbu mashoma epatani, senge mapururu, mapuramu echando, uye begonias; kwaive zvakare nematafura akazara, senge machena. "Caviar" ine madiki madiki, "Agate" ane makuru madonhwe, uye machena mavara ane ruvara rwepepuru uye machena mavara akafanana ne "Deer fetus" yesika deer.
Munzvimbo dzekuchamhembe nekumaodzanyemba,tie-dhayizvigadzirwa zvaishandiswa zvakanyanya muhembe dzevakadzi. Mu "Sou Shen Postscript", pane zvinyorwa zve "fururu yepepuru" (kureva kumusoro) uye "green skirt", uye "shava yepepuru" zvinoreva "Deer Titus Valerian" pateni yepamusoro. Dzinza raTang raive zuva rekare retsika yenyika yangu, uye machira akamonyaniswa aive akakurumbira uye akajairika. Mune nhetembo dzeTang, tinogona kuona kuti mbatya dzevakadzi dzakakurumbira panguva iyoyo dzaive dzakapfeka "green bivalerian" uye "shangu dzakatsetseka-dzakatwasuka shangu dzemaruva nehuswa." Yakasungwa valerian silika ine yakanakisa mapatani yaive yakakurumbira mumuzinda, uye "green bivalerian dress" yakave yakakosha maitiro eTang Dynasty fashoni. MuKumaodzanyemba Rwiyo Dzinza, zvigadzirwa zvevalerian zvaizivikanwa kwazvo muCentral Plains nematunhu ekuchamhembe.
Kusunga-daya is an ancient textile dyeing process in China. Dali calls it pimple flower cloth or pimple flower. The processing process is to fold and bind the fabric, or sew it, and then immerse it in the color paste for dyeing. The dyeing is with Radix isatidis and other natural plants, so there is no harm to human skin. The use of various binding techniques in tie-dhayiing combined with a variety of dyeing techniques, the dyed patterns and patterns are changeable, with amazing artistic charm. Kusunga-daya has a history of about 1500 years in China. The earliest surviving object is the twisted printed silk from the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Kusunga-daya in the Tang Dynasty developed to its heyday, and the nobles wore twisted clothes and became fashionable. In the Northern Song Dynasty, due to the complicated production of tie-dhayiing and a large amount of labor, the court once banned it, which led to the decline and even disappearance of tie-dhayiing. But the ethnic minorities in the southwest border still retain this ancient skill.
In addition to China, India, Japan, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and other countries also have tie-dhayi handicrafts. In the 1970s, tie-dhayiing became a popular handicraft, widely used in clothing, ties, wall hangings, etc. Applying multiple knotting and multiple dyeing processes on the same fabric can develop the traditional tie-dhayiing process from a single color to a multi-color effect.
Kana iwe uchifariratie-dhayiuye marefu masiketi muchinyorwa, gamuchirai kubatana nesu. Isu tichagadzirisa zvigadzirwa zvine chaiwo masitayera uye mavara zvinoenderana nezvaunoda.